4 Types of Minor Scale

December 28, 2015



Michael Pitluk

This video is part of my songwriting techniques series, where I give songwriting tips for beginners and advanced writers. Some of my songwriting techniques rely on a basic understanding of hot to build chords, piano music theory, guitar music theory, and the music theory about intervals.

Basically, there are 7 notes in a scale such as C major. Each one of those 7 notes serves as the “root” note or the first note of a chord. For example: the seven notes in the C major scale are C D E F G A and B. That means there is a C chord, D chord, E chord, F chord, G chord, A chord, and B chord in the key of C major.

The next question is, “What other notes are in those chords?” My video walks you through how to build these chords. First, each basic major or minor chord is made up of only 3 notes. These notes are 1, 3 and 5. What does this mean? Well, let’s start with the C chord. As we said earlier, the C note in the C major scale serves as the “root” note of a chord in C major. Specifically, C serves as the “root” note for the C major chord. The next thing we do is count up from the C note 3 and 5. So starting with C as 1, we then count to 3. 2 would be D and 3 would be E. That means that E is also in C major. Then we count to 5. So since E is 3, then F is 4, and G would be 5. So the C chord is C, E, and G. This is C major.

There are reasons why this is C major and C minor, but that is for a different video on intervals. For now, just take my word for it 🙂

Let’s try building the A chord in the key of C major. Just like building the C major chord, we start with A as the “root” note and let A be 1. Then we found to three starting with A as 1. So, since A is 1, B is 2 and C is 3. So, C is in the A chord. Finally, we go to the 5th note after A in the C major scale. So, since C is 3, D is 4 and E is 5. Therefore, the A chord is A, C, and E. This is A minor.

The chords of C major are the following:

1. C major
2. D minor
3. E minor
4. F major
5. G major
6. A minor
7. B diminished

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Victoria Williams

This video accompanies the lesson on how to compose a minor pentatonic piece here http://blog.mymusictheory.com/2014/ho…

A pentatonic piece is built on just five different notes. A minor pentatonic scale uses the notes D, F, G, A and C (or those notes transposed to another key), and the keynote is D.

It’s really simple to compose a piece based on the minor pentatonic scale, because all the notes blend together harmoniously. It doesn’t matter which note of the minor pentatonic scale you write against another, it will always sound pleasant, with no harsh clashes or dissonances.

To make an effective pentatonic composition, use a nice combination of instruments and focus on using a variety of rhythms. Use cross rhythms (syncopation) for an interesting effect.

YuYu Hakusho

I created this video with the YouTube Video Editor (http://www.youtube.com/editor)
this work as being created by the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics.
Music teacher Scott Laird from the NC School of Science & Math introduces minor and chromatic scales as part of a series of music theory lessons.
Music theory is the study of the structures of constructed music.Music theorists look for patterns and structures in composers’ works across or within genres, styles, or historical periods. Music theory distills and analyzes the fundamental parameters or elements of music—rhythm, harmony (harmonic function), melody, structure, form, and texture. Broadly, music theory may include any statement, belief, or conception of or about music.
Fount: (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_th…)



In this lesson I discuss the concept of “relative” keys, in a simpler form and geared towards scales, and how to find the relative major or minor key. I’ve done this using..(read more and get documentation on my site below)

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Trumpet Scales: C Major, its modes, pentatonics and associated blues scale  –   Jon Harnum

Jon Harnum

Trumpet Lesson: Bb concert Blues Scale and Improv 

Zach Buie

Trumpet Scales: F Major, its modes, relative minor, pentatonics and associated blues scale 

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Ed Hastie

Part one of 3. This one is about Tritones and the Wholetone scales. I hope you find some useful information for your piano studies.

Here are the 6 pairs of Tritones:

C F#
C# G
D G#
D# A
E A#

Wholetone Scales part begins roughly in the middle of the video. I filmed this on a vintage Baldwin baby grand in my garage.

Next 2 videos in this series will be about dividing the octave into major and minor 3rds and how chords interact with these two scales.

Sorry about all those noisy birds outside!


Here’s a great piece of music which makes a broad use of the wholetone scale, “Voiles” by Debussy (Uploaded by YouTube user, allarmunumralla):


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Mike Gibbons

4 Types Of Minor Scales

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Bob Murnahan·48 videos

http://www.leadguitartactics.com Lesson on how to play the diminished scale pattern for guitar. Part 1 of 2. To get access to this and more visit the site above. http://youtu.be/EnhqQ8sr9_M

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Learn how to compose music, from start to finish.

Be sure to sign up at http://www.howtocomposemusic101.com or http://www.artofcomposing.com to get the full benefits of the course including summaries of all the lessons, worksheets and additional videos.

pebberbrown·576 videos

Many guitar teachers parrot what their own teachers taught them – dont let this happen to you! The Chromatic scale is a way to create a lot more colors in your improvising – its not a “chore” scale to practice for “punishment” purposes.