Wikipedia:  Concerto Grosso    –

The concerto grosso (Italian for big concert(o), plural concerti grossi) is a form of baroque music in which the musical material is passed between a small group of soloists (the concertino) and full orchestra (the ripieno or tutti). This is in contrast to the concerto which features a single solo instrument with the melody line, accompanied by the orchestra.

The form developed in the late seventeenth century, although the name was not used at first. Alessandro Stradella seems to have written the first music in which two groups of different sizes are combined in the characteristic way. The name was first used by Giovanni Lorenzo Gregori in a set of 10 compositions published in Lucca in 1698.[1]

The first major composer to use the term concerto grosso was Arcangelo Corelli. After Corelli’s death, a collection of twelve of his concerti grossi was published; not long after, composers such as Francesco Geminiani, Pietro Locatelli and Giuseppe Torelli wrote concertos in the style of Corelli. He also had a strong influence on Antonio Vivaldi.

Two distinct forms of the concerto grosso exist: the concerto da chiesa (church concert) and the concerto da camera (chamber concert). (See also Sonata for a discussion about sonatas da camera and da chiesa.) The concerto da chiesa alternated slow and fast movements; the concerto da camera had the character of a suite, being introduced by a prelude and incorporating popular dance forms. These distinctions blurred over time.


Ludwig von Beethoven   –   1770 – 1827

Titan  of  the  classical  music  world,  Beethoven   emulated and learned from the  greatest composers of  his era and the high Baroque.  Throughout all 3 of his  creative periods, he explored & mastered form,  harmony and counterpoint in such  unique ways. The elements of   surprise, breathtaking beauty and frequent roughness  of style generate love and fascination with his music to the present day.


Offers a special page for Beethoven | | features a number of works sequenced by various people | You may also submit your own sequences to this page |  Bio | recordings

The Beethoven Page at midiworld
Has a small but very high-quality collection if his works  |  Biography  |  Recommended Recordings  |  Books and Printed Music  |

Classical MIDI Archives – Beethoven
Part of Classical  MIDI Archives site  |  The Beethoven section includes 234 files,

The Beethoven Connection
Offers a special page for Beethoven | | features a number of works sequenced by various people | You may also submit your own sequences to this page |  Bio | recordings

Beethoven, The Immortal
Beethoven’s life  |  ascent to greatness  |  demeanor as a mature man  |  Beethoven’s view on performing  | final days  |  medical history |  daily routine complete Listing of Beethoven’s Works  |  Symphonies  |images  |  audio/MIDI

Mad About Beethoven
Beethoven’s family – in-depth biographies  |  Beethoven’s Vienna – a tour of the places he knew  |  trilogy books  |  article  | 5th symphony – opening

An excerpt from Beethoven’s Ninth
A Political History by Esteban Buch  |  The Romantic Cult and the Ode to Joy

The Unheard Beethoven
MIDI files | Member of the Beethoven Admirer sitering

GMN Classical Plus
Beethoven’s Hair : An Extraordinary Historical Odyssey and a Musical Mystery Solved  |  Beethoven’s Hair : An Extraordinary Historical Odyssey and a Musical Mystery SolvedRussell Martin  |  A fascinating tale derived from a 175-year-old snippet of Beethoven’s hair, encompassing biographical insights, scientific findings, and the path the hair took, from the great composer’s head right into the present!

Ludwig Van Beethoven: The Magnificent Master
Biography |  works list | picture gallery | creation histories (symphonies) |  Musicians About Beethoven | Beethoven & Other Great Minds | Opera, anyone?

Ludwig van Beethoven: An Overview Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) | Beethoven’s works Beethoven’s 9 symphonies | Beethoven’s influences Recommended Sheet  Music   –   Beethoven, the most popular of all composers, was a ground breaking composer. Beethoven’s nine great symphonies are widely played and even imitated by the many following composers, including Brahms and Mahler. This One-Stop Beethoven Resource will provide you with the history, life, and music of Beethoven.

Beethoven: Piano Sonatas
Introduction  |  1792 AND 1802  |  1802 AND 1814  |  After 1815  |  Bibliography   |   References   |  nomoto

Beethoven: Musical Style and Innovations   –   Beethoven MIDI Files.   –   Performances of Beethoven   –   mp3  

Grave of Ludwig Van Beethoven

NPR – Closer to Eternity: Stretching Beethoven’s 9th
Norwegian Artist Creates 24-Hour Version of Famous Work |   –   12 Beethoven links 

1998 Jim Lehrer Interview – Anne-Sophie Mutter
Playing Beethoven | A conversation with German violinist, Anne-Sophie Mutter, who was spending the year performing Beethoven’s 10 Sonatas for Violin and Piano around the world

Beethoven Database   – 

( Webmaster Note:  Composers with seeking mind  have a lot to learn here. Many linked terms ) His creative life is usually divided into three periods Personal fingerprints  |  Structural innovations   |   Use of sonata form  |  Thematic links in Beethoven’s works Orchestration in Beethoven’s work  |  Romantic tendencies in Beethoven’s music  |  Beethoven’s influence  |  M.Tevfik Dorak, B.A. (Hons)  | 

Johann Sebastion Bach


Musical Genius  of the  High Baroque

Spiirtual  &  Music Mentor  to nearly all  composers  from  his day to the present.    He  achieved   immeasurable  excellence . Bach’s inventiveness  in  melody, counterpoint, harmony, rhythm  &  form  bring  tears  of  profound emotional,  mental  &  mathematical joy  to  so  many  composers  and  music analysts.  His musical spirituality (personality?)  identifies within ourselves the  very  best  understanding  of our  relationship with the universe.  We owe  ourselves  and  our  craft  the  very  best  study  we  have time for, of the music of this musician who humbly composed “To The Glory Of God.”

gold_lineJohann Sebastian Bach – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Biography:  Early years  |  Arnstadt and Mühlhausen (1703–08)  |  Cöthen (1717–23)  |  Leipzig (1723–50)  |  Style  |  Works: Organ works  |  Other keyboard works  |  Orchestral and chamber music  |  Vocal and choral works  |  Performances  |  Transcriptions  |  Legacy  |  Media  |   Eponyms  |  References: Modern scholarship  |  8.2 Earlier scholarship  |  Other reading  |  Notes  |  External links  |

Johann Sebastian Bach  –  (1685 – 1750)  |  MIDI links  |  discography links for indiviual works  |  Link categories:  |  Classical Net Resources: |  Additional Information:  |  Art of the Fugue  |  Brandenburg Concertos   |  Cantatas (BWV 4, 78, 82, 140, 202)  |  Chromatic Fantasy & Fugue for harpsichord  |  Concertos for harpsichord(s) (BWV 1052, Core Repertoire  |  Concertos for Violin & 2 Violins  |  Fantasia & Fugue in G minor for Organ  |  Goldberg Variations for harpsichord  |  Inventions for harpsichord  |  Italian Concerto for harpsichord  |  Magnificat  |  Mass in B minor  |  Musical Offering  |  Organ Music Collection  |  Partitas for harpsichord  |  Passacaglia & Fugue in C minor for Organ  |  St. Matthew Passion  |  Sonatas & Partitas for Solo Violin  |  Sonatas & Partita for Flute & Continuo  |  Suites for Solo Cello  |  Suites for harpsichord (English & French)  |  Suites (Overtures) for Orchestra  |  Toccatas for harpsichord  |  Toccata & Fugue in D minor for Organ  |  Trio Sonatas  |  Well-Tempered Clavier, 48 Preludes & Fugues BWV 846-893  | …….
Classical MIDI Archives – J.S.Bach
subscription requested  |  live recorded music  |  MIDI Files  |  MP3 Files  |  “Page last modified on Saturday, 15-Apr-2006 10:50:58 GMT”  |  Music, Artists, Composers, MIDI, DSearch, | Bach Music Files  |  Vocal Works,   | Keyboard Works, 1090-1120  |  Chamber Works,   | Orchestral Works  |  Contrapuntal Studies, Misc.  |  Learn about Bach  |  Vocal Works, BWV1-524  |  Trio Sonatas  |  Preludes and Fugues  |  Organ Prelude and Fugues  |  Eight Little Preludes and Fugues  |  Fantasia and Fugue in A-   |  Toccata, Adagio and Fugue in C  |  Fantasias  |  Passacaglias  |  Organ Trios  |  Organ Concerto  |  Das Orgel-büchlein (46 Short Preludes based on Chorales)  |  Schübler chorales  |  18 Chorales,  |  Chorale Preludes in Clavier-Übung  |  anonic Variations on Weynacht Lied  |  Harpsichord Works |  2-pt inventions |  oncerto in G, BWV592a (transcribed for harpsichord after the Concerto in G for Violin and Strings by Johann Ernst  |  Three-Part Inventions (Sinfonias),  |  Four Inventions (‘duettos’)  |  English Suites  |  French Suites  |  Miscellaneous Suites  |  Partitas  |  French Overture  |  Miscellaneous Movements  |  Well-tempered Clavier, Book I  |  Book II  | Anna Magdalena Notebook  |  Capriccio on the Departing of his Most Beloved Brother in Bb  |  Menuets  |  Chamber Works, BWV995-1040  |  Lute Works  |  Violin Works  |  See also: Lute Works, Cello Works, Other Chamber Works  |  Violin Sonatas  |  Partitas for Violin  |  Cello Works  |  (See also: Lute Works, Violin Works, Other Chamber Works  |  Cello Suites  |  Sonatas for viola da gamba and harpsichord  |  Partita in A- for solo flute  |  Sonatas for flute & Harpsichord  |  Orchestral Works, BWV1041-1069  |  2 Violin Concertos  |  Double Concerto in D- for Two Violins |  Triple Concerto in A-, for Flute, Violin and Harpsichord  |  Brandenburg Concertos  |  Harpsichord Concertos  |  Concerto for Two Harpsichords in C  |  Concerto for Three Harpsichords in C  |  Concerto for Four Harpsichords in A  |  Orchestral Suites  |  Contrapuntal Studies, Misc., BWV769  |  Canons  |  The Musical Offering  |  The Art of the Fugue  |

Analysis  |  Audio  |  Bibliography  |  Biography  |  Commercial  |  Educational  |  Events  |  Images  |  Instruments  |  Links  |  MIDI  |  Newsgroups  |  Performers  |  Personal  |  Recordings  |  Scores  |  Search  |  Works  |  Index to all 315 links cataloged at this site ( 454kb )  |  Bach Quiz /|  CD Giveaway  |·  Dave’s J.S. Bach Page  |

Bach Cantatas Website
lots of links per category  |  Recordings & Discussions  |  Background Information  |  Bach Cantatas Mailing List  |   Works for Discussion  |  Performers’ Short Biographies  |  Additional Information  |
“Johann Sebastian Bach: Biography covers his life from birth to death, all periods and positions especially his last Leipzig period.”  |  Periods in Bach’s life:  |  EISENACH: 1685-1695  |  OHRDRUF: 1695-1700  |  LÜNEBURG: 1700-1702  |  WEIMAR (first term): 1703.  |  ARNSTADT: 1703-1707  |  MÜHLHAUSEN: 1707-1708  |  WEIMAR (second term):  708-1717  |  CÖTHEN: 1717-1723  |  LEIPZIG 1: 1723-1729 – Cantor and Director of Music  |  LEIPZIG 2: 1729-1740 – The Collegium Musicum  |      LEIPZIG 3: 1744-1750 – The Introspective Years   | 

Johann Sebastian Bach’s life (1685-1750)
Eisenach 1685-1695  |  Ohrdruf 1695-1700  |  Lüneburg 1700-1702 |  Weimar  1703-1703  |  Arnstadt 1703-1707  |  Mühlhausen 1707-1708  |  Weimar 1708-1717  |  Köthen 1717-1723  |   Leipzig 1723-1750   |

The J.S. Bach Tourist
Introduction 2. Eisenach 3. Ohrdruf  4. Lüneburg Heath 5. Lüneburg 6. Lübeck 7. Arnstadt  8. Dornheim 9. Mühlhausen 10. Weimar  11. Köthen 12. Leipzig  |
J.S. Bach Archive and Bibliography  |  Episodes of J. S. Bach’s Life (illustrated biography)  |  The J.S. Bach Tourist  |  J.S. Bach: The Cantatas  |  The J.S. Bach Bibliography (over 1000 titles)  |  Bach portraits  |1|2|3|4|5|6|7|   |

Dave’s J. S. Bach Page
J.S. Bach Works Catalog  |  Recommended Recordings  |  MIDI  Audio  Images  Warp!  |  Icons  About  Mail  Links  |  Bach Central Station  |  Bach Quiz Archives  |  Arrangements for Electric Bass  |

J.S. Bach Page at Midiworld
MIDI Files  |  2 Part Inventions – John Sankey  |  3 Part Inventions – John Sankey  |   Air  (14k)   |  Allemande in Am  |  Brandenburg Concertos  |  Cantatas   |  cappriccios  |   Chromatic Fantasia & Fugue  |  Concert for Two Harpshichords and Orchestra  |  Keyboard arrangements of concertos by other composers  |  Duets  |   Fantasia and Fugue in Amin  |  English Suites John Sankey  |  French Suites John Sankey  |  Goldberg Variations  |  Italian Concerto  |  Partitas  |  Preludes & Fugues – John Sankey  |  Sonatas  |  St. Matthew Passion  |  Passacaglia & Fugue in C minor  |  Suites for cello  |

J.S, Bach Home page
“The complete Johann Sebastian Bach. An extensive biography, tour of Bach’s life in Germany, catalog of his works, bibliography, recommended recordings, and other Bach resources on the web. This award-winning site is maintained by Jan Hanford in North Amercia and Jan Koster in Europe.”   |       His Life  |  Biography, Portraits and Literature   |  Complete Works  | by BWV Number  | by Category  |  By Instrument  |  By Key  |  By Title  |  By Year  |  Sources  |  Recommended (or not ) Recordings  |  By Title  |  by Conductor or Main Performer  |  By Instrument  |  by BWV Number   |  by BWV Anh. Number  |  by Record Label  |  Submitted Recently  |   Featured Recordings  |  Web Sites with Bach Information  | Web Sites with Bach MIDI Files  |

JS Bach Organ Music
Excellent recordings with one of the finest organs in Spain, the grand Marbella Organ  |  “We are dedicating this web site to Johann Sebastian Bach’s sublime and profound organ music for the education and pacification of our future generations.”

Johann Sebastian Bach /
Introductio  |  How To Play Bach’s Music  |  What It Means Being A Virtual Musician  |  Outstanding & Rare Music Files  |  The Listeners Impressions Page  |  MIDI  |  Virtual musician  |

Canons & Fugues of JS Bach
Excellent links & essays on these subjects  |  The Canons  |   The Fugues  |  Miscellaneous Bach Analyses  |  Bach’s World  |  Essays   |  Links to Bach Resources on the WWW  |

Bach, JS: Eisenach (1685-1695)
Description of Johann Sebastian Bach’s birth and upbringing in Eisenach (1685-1695) / Bach
Jump to the different periods in Bach’s life: 

Kunst Der Fuge   Johann Sebastian Bach
Bach: MIDI  Large collection of Classical MIDI of Bach’s music  |  ~ 1800 free MIDI files!  |  Nio / Essay  |

Johann Sebastian Bach
Sonatas for harpsichord, violin, flute, viola, figured bass – MIDI – Virtual musician.

JS Bach Texts
Complete vocal works with English translations. Limited permission to copy in programs and program notes.

Bach Chorales  |  “In April, 2006 I uploaded completely corrected sets of all chorales in midi, PDF and QuickTime formats. All midi files are standardized with a key velocity of 96  –  This person truly loves J S Bach Chorales

Internet Archive Search: creator:”Bach, JS
File Downloads  |  search results
Electronic Music – the development of electronic instruments and music  |  Wendy Carlos – Switched on Bach album cover. It wasn’t long before a new breed of composers emerged who specialised in using electronic instruments  |

NPR : Music Visionary Robert Moog, 1934-2005

Bach To The Future
CD Baby  |

Dave’s JS Bach Page