Beethoven – Piano Sonata 8 Pathetique, Cm – Color-Coded Analysis

February 8, 2014

The Daily Beethoven·419 videos

(Make sure “Annotations” is ON to see section labels)

0:00 – 1. Grave, Allegro Di Molto E Con Brio
9:41 – 2. Adagio Cantabile
15:07 – 3. Rondo: Allegro
Piano Sonata 8 In Cm Op.13, “Pathétique”
Piano: Alfred Brendel

1/27 Beethoven’s Sonata ‘Pathetique’ (Color Analysis)…

An alternate “midi” version can be found here (I actually prefer the other version):…

Note: at this time the annotations will not appear on mobile devices, so if possible please watch from a computer.

For more videos of this type see:
Color-Coded Analysis of Beethoven’s Music (INDEX):…

Introduction to Sonata Form:…

My Analysis Cheat Sheet:
-SONATA FORM: Most common form, almost always in the 1st movement and often last movement of a work. The basic sequence is Intro, Exposition, Development, Recapitulation and Coda.
-EXPOSITION: Main theme(s) are presented, usually in the home key and then a modulated key
-THEME / THEME GROUP: musical “paragraph”. These can be broken down into 1 or more “tunes”. These are grouped according to key and end on cadences. The 1st Theme Group is in the home key. The 2nd Theme Group is in the dominant or other key.
-CLOSING/CADENCE SECTION: a theme group which closes the Expo or Recap (it follows the 2nd theme) and revives Theme 1 to provide closure.
-MODULATING BRIDGE/TRANSITION: material to get from 1 key/theme group to another, often w sequencing.
-DEVELOPMENT: free-form “working out”/”fantasia” section where earlier themes are subjected to variations and atomizations. Possibly a new theme is introduced (“Eroica”).
-RECAPITULATION: Repeat of the Expo, except that this section remains in the same key throughout and there can be theme variations from the initial Expo versions of themes.
-CODA: Follows the Recap, kind of a second development designed to finish off the work.
-SEQUENCING: repeating a phrase on different starting notes (keys)
-TERNARY FORM: 3-part form in A-B-A, usually a Scherzo or Minuet
-SCHERZO/MINUET: 1st pt. of a 3-pt. Scherzo form, usually AA.BA’.BA’ in 3/4 time. Lively.
-TRIO: Middle section of a Scherzo movement, slower, broader than the Scherzo section
-RONDO: Similar to Sonata form except that the Development is replaced by a new section and there is less transition material. A principal theme (A) alternates with contrasting themes (BCD…). (Ex.ABACABA.)
-FUGUE: form in which a subject(s) undergoes canonical permutations
-VARIATION: repeat of a theme with variation
-CADENZA: unaccompanied instrumental solo
-BINARY FORM: Structure in AB. 2-Part Song form.
(Disclaimer: I do not have a music degree, all of the above is purely from memory and observation)

1st Movement – Grave, Allegro di molto e con brio
Introduction (LIGHT GREEN)
-1st Theme (MAROON)
-2nd Theme (BROWN)
-3rd Theme (GREEN)
Exposition (Repeat)
-1st Theme (MAROON)
-2nd Theme (BROWN)
-3rd Theme (GREEN)
-Introduction reprise (LIGHT GREEN)
-1st Theme (BLUE)
-1st Theme (MAROON)
-2nd Theme (BROWN)
-3rd Theme (GREEN)

2nd Movement – Adagio cantabile (starting at 9:41)
1st Theme (MAROON)
2nd Theme (BLUE)
1st Theme (MAROON)
3rd Theme (GREEN)
1st Theme Variation (MAROON 2)
Coda (OLIVE)

3rd Movement – Rondo allegro (starting at 15:07)
1st Theme (MAROON)
2nd Theme (BROWN)
1st Theme reprise (MAROON)
3rd Theme (BLUE)
1st Theme Variation (MAROON)
2nd Theme Variation (BROWN 2)
1st Theme (Short Var.) (MAROON)
2nd Theme Variation (BROWN 2)
1st Theme reprise (MAROON)